Curriculum
Course: Crisis Management
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Text lesson

LEARNING UNIT 1.1 – INTRODUCTION TO CRISIS MANAGEMENT

 

INTRODUCTION/MOTIVATION (10 minutes):

The lesson starts with a motivational game of discovering cards* – matching photos of crises with the names of crises in pairs or groups. Pupils get 5 min to match and then present their findings.

 

The teacher is guiding the discussion by showing photos on the projector or just holding the photos up in the air and pupils get a chance to say the name of the crisis. The other option is to distribute copies of cards and names so that pupils can cut out the names and match them to the cards, or simply write the names next to cards.

 

*The list of the presented crises with short descriptions for teachers’ use can be found in the appendix at the end of the lesson description together with the cards and names for pupils’ use.

 

 

MAIN PART (30 minutes):

The teacher divides the class in up to 8 groups, allocating one of the crises to each group.

 

The teacher prepares guidelines (below) to help pupils identify what kind of information they need to search for. The information can be found by using the internet, textbook, books, magazines etc. Pupils need to make posters or powerpoint presentations, which will be then presented in the second part of the lesson. (OPTIONAL: with available resources the presentations can also be done with creating a video, role-play, or building something – like a volcano eruption for example etc.) 

 

GUIDELINES FOR INFORMATION SEARCH:

   Name of the crisis

   Year of the disaster/crisis – how many years ago has happened

   Description

   Interesting facts (if there are some)

   Solutions/counteracts

 

 

ASSESSMENT (5 minutes):

Quick discussion on how far along with the search and preparation of presentations have the pupils come.

 

2ndst lesson (45 min)

INTRODUCTION/MOTIVATION (5 minutes):

Brief recap of the 1st lesson and continuation of the lesson by additional searching for information and preparation of presentations.

 

MAIN PART (35 minutes):

Pupils have another 10 minutes (approximately) to do the final search and complete their presentation materials. The teacher should be available to guide and help the pupils, if needed.

 

In the remaining time (approximately 25 minutes), pupils do the presentations. It is important that all the pupils take part in presenting. In this manner, pupils can learn how to perform and share information. The presentations should be done as conference presentations. Each group should have about 2-3 minutes for presentation. At the end of each presentation, the teacher should lead a brief discussion, if pupils do not have additional questions, the teacher should ask a few questions.

 

ASSESSMENT (5 minutes):

The teacher comments on pupils’ work and asks for their feedback about how they liked the activities of this lesson.

 

OPTIONAL UPGRADE

The lesson plans can be upgraded with the use of modern technology.

As an introduction to the lesson, instead of the game of cards, the pupils can watch 360° videos of crises on tablets/mobile phones. The experience is even better when using cardboard VR headsets (however keep in mind that using cardboard headsets can cause slight nausea is some people).

Not all the crises that will be presented in the lesson are available to show, but for initial motivation, the teacher can use the following suggestions:

360-degree video of Chernobyl disaster, 30 years later:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4lnk3dDfPsM  

Category 3 Hurricane Landfall Virtual Reality Simulation:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XWZCXdkVPZQ  

Refugees 360 VR documentary

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z9HEGHOk5hM  

Teacher can also browse for more videos on YouTube under search term 360 video.

Adapt the other content of the learning unit and time accordingly.

 

 

 

 

 

 

ADDITIONAL INTERESTING INFORMATION AND MATERIALS

 

·       A very good interactive presentation of Mexico Oil Spill:

https://ocean.si.edu/conservation/gulf-oil-spill/gulf-mexico-oil-spill-interactive

·       Tracking the oil spill in the Gulf:

·       http://archive.nytimes.com/www.nytimes.com/interactive/2010/05/01/us/20100501-oil-spill-tracker.html

·       A very good graphic presentation of the oil spill and its scale:

·       https://www.flickr.com/photos/gdsdigital/4562831333/sizes/o/

·       360 VR Short Film – Refugees in Congo: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=emBuI1vLiUA

·       Life in the time of refuge | A virtual reality documentary:

·       https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XI9A6mQdMCQ

·       “Brothers Across Borders” is an interactive film based on the true stories of Syrian refugees in Turkey: https://brothersacrossborders.com/en/

 

 

APPENDIX

 

   List of 8 presented crises with photos and short descriptions for teachers

   Cards with photos of crises/disasters (printout)

   List of names of crises to match the cards (printout)

 

 

 

 

 

CRISIS

SHORT DESCRIPTION

SOLUTION/COUNTERACTS

1

Chernobyl nuclear accident

 

The Chernobyl disaster was a nuclear accident and crisis that occurred in 1986 in the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant. The explosion released large amounts of radioactive particles into the air. It caused illness and death in the local population and left the land in the area unusable.

Interesting fact:

Even after the explosion, people were unaware of the real danger – until the birds started falling from the sky.

//

The mass of black corium left at the bottom of the Chernobyl nuclear plant is called The Elephant’s Foot due to its strange shape.

          Using helicopters, they dumped more than 5,000 metric tons of sand, clay and boron onto the burning exposed reactor

          Three volunteer divers went sent into the depths of the power plant to open valves that would drain the water and prevent a second explosion.

          400 miners also had to dig underneath the power plant and install a cooling system

          The damaged reactor was covered by a “sarcophagus”, made from steel and concrete

2

Hurricane Rita

 

Hurricane Rita in 2005 was the most intense tropical cyclone on record in the Gulf of Mexico and the fourth-most intense Atlantic hurricane ever recorded. It caused catastrophic flooding and wind damage, leaving many dead and homeless.

Interesting fact:

Hurricane Rita’s highest wind speed was 185 km/h.

          Several relief operations and volunteer camps have been formed

          Activists were building shelters for people from the affected area and helped with debris removal and reparation of damaged homes

          Temporary housing units were installed for those who were left homeless

3

Oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico

 

In 2010, the oil drilling rig Deepwater Horizon, operating in the Gulf of Mexico, exploded and sank resulting in the death of 11 workers and the largest spill of oil in the history of marine oil drilling operations. The oil spill harmed wildlife along the large coastal areas of Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas, Alabama, and Florida.

Interesting fact:

It cost more than 60 billion dollars to clean up the oil spill

          More than 30,000 people responded to the spill in the Gulf Coast working to collect oil, clean up beaches, and perform various other duties.

          A barrier placed in water was used to collect and absorb oil

          When most of the oil was removed by skimmers, sorbents were used to mop up the trace amounts left behind.

          Help for the affected animals was organized

4

COVID-19 pandemic

 

In late December 2019, a previously unidentified coronavirus emerged in Wuhan, China, resulting in an outbreak in many cities in China. Within a month, the virus had spread across the world and a global pandemic was declared in March 2020.

Interesting fact:

It is thought that the new virus could have originated in bats.

          Prevention measures were put in place, like wearing facemasks, keeping physical distance, quarantining, etc.

          People were constantly reminded how to properly wash their hands and hand sanitizers were available in all public places

          Digital tools were used for work, education and socializing

5

Refugees

 

In the past decade, the global refugee population has more than doubled. 27 million people around the world have been forced to flee their countries due to war and civil war, human rights violations, environmental and climate issues, and economic hardship.

68% of the world’s refugees come from just 5 countries: Syria, Venezuela, Afghanistan, South Sudan and Myanmar. Lately a similar crisis is also happening in Ukraine.

Interesting fact:

Some of the famous refugees were: Albert Einstein, Sigmund Freud, Freddy Mercury

          Countries need to work together to prevent the causes for which make people flee

          Protecting asylum seekers

          Donating money and goods

          Setting up fundraisers

          Speaking about the problem and sharing refugee stories

 

6

WTC Terrorist Attack (September 11th 2001 )

 

The September 11 attacks, commonly known as 9/11, coordinated suicide terrorist attacks carried out by the militant Islamic extremist network al-Qaeda. The hijackers crashed the first two planes into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, and the third plane into the Pentagon (the headquarters of the United States military). The attacks killed nearly 3,000 people and instigated the global war on terror.

Interesting fact:

The fourth plane was intended to hit a federal government building[e] in Washington, D.C., but crashed in a field following a passenger revolt.

          No real solutions

          Stricter travel and immigration policies

          Anti-terror campaigns

          Invasion of Afganistan

7

Climate Change

 

Climate change refers to long-term shifts in temperatures and weather patterns. Since the 1800s, human activities have been the main driver of climate change, primarily due to burning fossil fuels like coal, oil and gas.

Some of the main effects of global warming:

          Hotter temperatures. As greenhouse gas concentrations rise, so does the global surface temperature.

          More severe storms.

          Increased drought.

          A warming, rising ocean.

          Loss of species.

          Food scarcity.

          More health risks.

          Poverty and displacement.

Interesting fact:

By the year 2100, the average temperature will rise by 5.8 degrees as a result of global warming.

          Switch Off Electric Appliances when you don’t use them

          Use solar energy

          Plant trees at home

          Save water

          Avoid lightning at day time

          Reduce trash at home

          Reduce usage of hot water

          Grow your own food

         

8

Fukushima nuclear disaster

 

nuclear accident in 2011 at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant  Japan. The proximate cause of the disaster was the  earthquake and tsunami, which triggered a powerful tsunami, with 13–14-meter-high waves damaging the nuclear power plant’s emergency diesel generators, leading to a loss of electric power. The result was the most severe nuclear accident since the crisis in 1986, 154,000 people needed to evacuate.

Interesting fact:

These areas still have relatively high radioactivity. The half-life of radiocesium is about 29 years, meaning the quantity of the radioactive material should drop by half by roughly 2041

          In 2017 remote-controlled robots were sent into the destroyed Unit 3 reactor buildings had finally found the reactor’s melted uranium fuel, which had burned through the floor of the reactor vessel

          Engineers have laced the site with ditches, dams, sump pumps, and drains.

 

 

 

 


Lesson materials

CRIS Crisis Management - LU 1.1 (En).docx 12 mb Download
CRIS Crisis Management - LU 1.1 (Greece).docx 13 mb Download
CRIS Crisis Management - LU 1.1 (Italy).docx 13 mb Download